CLIMATE CHANGE: Wiping out the economically weaker people and countries.
The shift in the patterns of weather due to emissions of greenhouse gases and human activities refers to a change in the climate. Species of animals and plants have gone extinct due to the incapability of adapting to the changing climate, glaciers have shrunk resulting in to increase in the water levels of seas and oceans, an increase in the number of wildfires across countries due to increase in temperature. Climate change has already affected the environment drastically but now it is taking a toll on the lives and lifestyle of the people across the globe.
Scientific researches stated that 97% of global warming is man-made. One of the biggest contributors is the burning of fossil fuels, coals, oil that has increased the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Climate change is proved to be a serious threat to the economic stability of various developing countries and the economically weaker sections.
An increase in the number of heatwaves has aggravated conditions of droughts and hot dry conditions have resulted in wildfires. In cities, buildings and roads are heated up to 50-90 degrees hotter during the day and the gradual release of heat from the buildings during the night has resulted in the cracking of buildings and roads. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrations compiled the Billion-Dollar Weather Disasters database that stated that over 600 deaths per year are due to extreme heat in the US since 1980.
Climate change has some drastic effects on the economy of the world. it has the potential to wipe out economically weak countries and people. The aggregate effect of climate change is negative on economic growth. Rising sea levels resulting in hurricanes and floods are likely to harm economic outputs of the countries as businesses are mutilated and people suffer damage to their homes.
People living in the Sub-Saharan region are already suffering from prolonged drought due to an extreme rise in temperature. Since 2018, western countries in the pacific and southeast Asia have experienced drastic heatwaves and storms that resulted in thousands of deaths.
The economically weaker sections of countries are majorly affected by the change in the climate. Economically weaker sections are majorly illiterate and they work as farmers and as laborers. An increase in temperature and water levels destroy crops and the farmers lose their source of income and their source of food.
Impairment of businesses due to climate change also leads to unemployment of laborers and source of income. An increase in pollution levels in the atmosphere has become a major cause of the devastation of human health. Global warming has resulted in the depletion of the ozone layer due to which the UV-rays and various other harmful radiations have penetrated the earth's atmosphere and caused various skin diseases and genetic mutations. UV-rays cause skin cancer and eye blindness.
The increase in smoke fumes and volatile harmful chemicals has caused various respiratory diseases and lung cancer. People who are susceptible to poverty are on a brink of death due to various cancers and diseases caused by pollution and global warming. The urgent need to address climate change has become even more dominant. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned in 2018 that to avoid the catastrophe of global warming, the temperature should not exceed 1.5-2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
To avoid such a catastrophe, greenhouse gas emissions should be halved and the number of people exposed to climate-related risks and susceptible to poverty should be reduced. Climate change cannot only wipe out economically weaker sections but it can wipe out the whole world.
We are the same humans who want things every other human want- a safe environment and place to live and work peacefully. We need to raise our voices to spread awareness to all the parts of the world so that everyone knows that climate change is real and has drastic effects on all species and we are responsible. The impacts are serious and we must act now.