The Girl Child Education In India
In India, a girl child is often seen as a nuisance, a 'burden' to pass on. Democratic countries, including India, have a constitution that guarantees equal rights to both women and men. Still, it has been seen that young girls have to face many difficulties when it comes to their rights.
The education of the girl child has the potential of bringing social and economic changes. Primary education is the fundamental right, teaching a girl child her rights, motives, importance, society will be assured of its sustainability.
Throughout this whole time, women's role in a country has ensured the stability, growth, progress, and development of nations. Women are the primary teacher of a child, educating the girl child from the very start will not only educate just one generation, but it will impact the further one to come too.
The contribution of women to a society's development is undeniable. Basic knowledge is the key to a nation's development and growth. The times are gone when people used to think that it's unnecessary to educate a girl child.
In this globalizing world, women are competing with men with all spheres of life, whether it's sending their daughters to school or giving them access to a student's basic needs. It is an undeniable fact that a girl's education can bring an unprecedented change in society.
Despite this, in several rural parts of India, where people still do not send their daughters to schools, things remain unchanged.
Why are girls still not getting the education that they deserve? Some people think that it is an unnecessary task to send their daughters to school as, according to them, they should only know the household chores, while other parents don't have the money or the access to do so. The reasons for that can be poverty, lack of resources like schools and institutions, or the patriarchy framework.
People in rural areas still think that it's a waste of money to educate a girl child. These are the same people who never think twice while giving away a tremendous amount of money during their daughter's marriage or dowry. When it comes to India, there are several ways to counter obstacles for girl children.
The main reasons girls not attending the school are lack of access, money, safety concerns, consideration for feminine hygiene, and their family.
What are the steps that the government can look after?
The government must look after a girl child's needs during school premises, as a lot of girls in rural areas are below the poverty line, are not privileged as the others, and can't buy sanitary napkins. The sad part is that most of them won't even know what a sanitary napkin is because of the taboo created by our society.
Providing separate toilets for girls is a basic need in rural areas, which has to be fulfilled; otherwise, girls will not feel comfortable.
A girl child is often an easy target of abuse, domestic violence, human trafficking; therefore, girls are often standing at the receiving end.
There are laws made by the government that bans sex determination of a fetus, still, this practice continues in the shadow; this doesn't just impact the sex ratio but also is very bad for the physical and mental health of the mother.
Government Schemes and Policies for Girl Child Empowerment. Early education can be instrumental in shaping society for good. When a girl is educated well from the very beginning, she is empowered; she can shape her future and future generations to come.
The government has taken many steps for the betterment of the
future of the girl child in India.
● Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna.
● Balika Samriddhi Yojna.
● MAMTA Yojna for girl children.
● Ladli Scheme.
While things are gradually getting better for the girl child, we have a lot more to do as a society. With the help of various NGOs working with the government, we can provide our angels, safety, security, a better future, education, and empowerment. Together, we can take small steps to make an enormous change.