Analyzing the Indian Health Care Sector and Ways to improve it.
When it comes to the health sector, India is a land full of opportunities for players. With immense capital investment for advanced diagnostic facilities, the country has also become one of the leading destinations for high-end diagnostic services, thus catering to a more significant population. Along with this, Indian medical service users have become more mindful of preserving their healthcare.
The Indian healthcare delivery system is divided into two main components - public and private. The Government includes small secondary and tertiary care institutions in key cities, i.e., the public health system, and focuses on providing essential health services in primary health centers in rural areas. The private sector offers a significant concentration in the metro, tier-I, and tier-II cities to secondary, tertiary, and quaternary care institutions.
In 1983 India's first National Health Policy (NHP) was established to develop a system with primary care facilities and a referral system. The revised NHP in 2002 concentrated on strengthening the system's practicality and scope and integrating private and public clinics into the health sphere. Of course, the country's healthcare situation is terrible with all the reforms, and the problem continues despite large-scale initiatives by the Government.
Today's drawbacks of India's healthcare system include low-quality care, corruption, system unhappiness, lack of transparency, unethical care, clinic overcrowding, insufficient coordination between the public and private sectors, barriers to access to facilities and drugs, lack of knowledge of public health and low-cost factors.
These shortcomings force wealthy Indians to use the private healthcare system, which is less available to families with low incomes, creating unfortunate differential medical services between groups.
When it comes to low-quality and unethical care it is prevalent due to under-trained health professionals and incorrect medicines. Indians are prevented from improving their health condition in rural areas where this problem is rampant.
Healthcare professionals take more time off from work than the amount given, with most absences being for no official reason. Overcrowded and understaffed, the hospitals are lacking enough beds to accommodate their patients.
Statistics indicate that India's number of health professionals is less than the average number for other developed countries. Often, patients are moved to larger hospitals from rural areas, increasing overcrowding in metropolitan cities.
The Indian Health System is grappling with these disadvantages, and there is a desperate need for change. For starters, the Government can allocate more funds to healthcare to improve and strengthen healthcare.
Health initiatives have run against a wall because of irregular or lower funding from the central govt, which puts an additional burden on the concerned state government. The Government should also concentrate on Public-Private Partnerships, where the Government provides the funds, and the private sector executes and operates the project/scheme.
After all, the private sector significantly outnumbers the public sector regarding project management, procedures, best practice, and quality control.
The Government should stop relying on CSR's idea to promote private investment and healthcare improvement because it is neither lucrative for the private player nor sustainable.
To encourage private investment in critical healthcare areas while ensuring sustainability, tax advantages, and other incentives should be offered. And the most important of all, the Government should focus more on health insurance and innovations to ensure that all people have the highest quality healthcare available. The health insurance benefits should be expanded, co-payments and a health savings plan should be added.
If all the involved parties are willing to make coherent attempts, things can rapidly change. Building an organizational and regulatory system that integrates those obligations is up to politicians, health experts, and medical leaders.
We have all the building blocks needed to put together a quality healthcare service, at least in the private sector in urban areas. We need to position all of them in the right order and location.