SDG 1: NO POVERTY
Do you know which inevitable force wakes us all up every morning? It’s an ambition to change or evolve where we lacked yesterday, to lay stepping stones of a better tomorrow. But what if you don’t have a stage to stand on? No privileges to call your own? Living with a want to end life? How impossible it seems but this is the life of the millions living. As one cannot build a house without bricks, no nation can ever progress without eradicating poverty from its streets. We all may sing songs about equality all day, but the truth is we do very little to help the poor.
Imagine the massive no. of innovative minds we lose because they are born with a poverty tag and spend their entire lives looking for opportunities to remove it. So, we should try to divert our energies to actions we can take in time before it’s too late. India is pretty far from achieving the “NO POVERTY” sustainable development goal led by the United Nations. The probable reason could be a lack of awareness among people, about the real existence of poverty issues.
Let’s first understand SDG 1: NO POVERTY, it’s one of the 17 Sustainable Development goals with a mission statement – “to end poverty in all its form, everywhere” aiming to put those first who stands last in the privileges queue. No one deserves to live with a scarcity of basic needs, forget about sanitation and education they don’t even have a roof over their head and food to put in their stomach (10% of the world population lives in extreme poverty).
Targets of SDG 1:
1) Eradicate extreme poverty.
2) Reduce poverty by at least 50%.
3) Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems.
4) Equal rights to ownership, basic services, technology, and economic resources.
5) Build resilience to environmental, economic, and social disasters.
6) Mobilization of resources to end poverty.
7) Establishment of poverty eradication policy framework at all levels.
These targets might look a little tough to accomplish but each target has specific indicators (14 in total) to guide us on this path of no poverty everywhere. These indicators can somehow be clubbed as:
1) Calculating the proportion of people below the poverty line;
2) The proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty;
3) Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of poor and the vulnerable;
4) Enhancement in government spending on essential services to those in need;
5) Policymaking at various levels local, government, national to ensure efforts being done by government reaches out to those in need.
Several large-scale anti-poverty programs have been implemented in India:
1) Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), generating employment for disadvantaged sector of society;
2) To achieve the goal of housing for all by 2022, direct financial assistance is directed to poor households. Nearly 3.21 million houses were constructed last year as part of this initiative in rural areas;
3) Concerning clean sources of cooking fuel, over 22 million families have been provided with Liquefied Petroleum Gas connections under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. Between 2005-06 and 2015-16, households having access to clean fuel have increased from 25.5% to 43.8%;
4) Programs are also being implemented for ensuring access to education, health, and nutrition security, with a special focus on vulnerable groups such as women and children; and many more.
There are many policies to end poverty in our nation but the vicious cycle will never end until we learn to be grateful for what we have, didn’t sound like a solution right. Try to recapitulate your first thought after reading about any government subsidizing policy, was it the person living on the streets who needs assistance to survive, or was it just you or some relative that crossed your mind.
Ever felt pity for the child laborers working on construction sites but did you ever try to counsel their parents, or just surf the internet for learning about government policies that could help needy people. Just reading about SDGs, and pledging to accomplish them won't help, won't inculcate the changes we are looking for, why? Because right now is the time to take absolute actions, not just by the government but by us as well.
“Let’s Adapt to act in a way where we put others needs before ours”
Learn to differentiate who’s problems need to be addressed first, be the medium to deliver government policies to the poor, involve yourself with social groups, visit poverty touched areas near your house sometimes, listen to their life stories and problems they face. By doing so you will get insights into what living with poverty means and this will be your motivation to pave the path of poverty to prosperity, leaving no one behind.