SDG 2 - ZERO HUNGER
This planet wants zero hunger by 2030. What does that look like - it means access to nutritious food for everyone, starting with those further behind, from birth to childhood, adolescence, motherhood, at old age, when disaster strikes, and when times are tough. It means protecting our precious food supplies.
How can this be done :
1.By growing in and consuming a variety of crops.
2. Investing in family farmers to grow more and better.
3. Inroad that shortage to ensure food reaches the market. So, the three billion vulnerable humans can help themselves at the moment.
4. Forming and Implementing food distribution policies for better food security.
We waste one-third of all the food produced which destroys our planet's precious resources, increases overall hunger and malnutrition, and costs our economy 3.5 trillion dollars every year. The cost of creating a system to fix hunger problems costs less than 1\10 of those 3.5 trillion dollars each year. We will be crazy not to get this done. We are already on our way and by working together for 15 more years, there will be no more hunger. Zero hunger is not
just a possibility it’s a reality.
THE MAIN AIM OF SDG 2: ZERO HUNGER
Sustainable development goals are also considered global goals. The aim of the second goal is to end all types of hunger and malnutrition by 2030. The main moto is providing sufficient food and significantly reduce malnutrition in upcoming years especially in children. This goal also involves sustainable agriculture for farmers.
The United Nations sustainable development goal number- 2 aims to achieve zero hunger. The targets of SDG 2 are to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition, and make agriculture sustainable. Why is achieving zero hunger important?
As of 2019, there are over 820 million people who suffer from hunger in the world, according to the food and agriculture organization, a number that has been confirmed through various indicators of hunger in the world originate from inaccessibility to clean, safe and nutritious food leading to food insecurity. This situation is dependent upon geography and economy and is more alarming in some countries of the world than in others.
What does it mean to be hungry? Hunger is the distress experienced from a lack of enough energy calories in the diet, a minimum amount of key nutrients is necessary to ensure the maintenance of balanced physiology to keep us healthy and free from deficiency or illness.
These nutrients are protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and also water. Food provides us with calories that are energy building blocks and several physiological signaling molecules.
Chronic hunger leads to chronic undernutrition that goes beyond just the lack of energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins and causes diseases of nutritional deficiencies. Unfortunately, chronic hunger disproportionately affects the most vulnerable sections of the population - infants and children, pregnant and lactating mothers.
To end hunger in the world, SDG-2 relies on the following indicates -
1) Trivalent of undernourishment.
2) Trivalent of moderate or severe food insecurity.
3) Agricultural productivity and income for small hole producers.
4) Maintaining the genetic diversity of both cultivated and underutilized plants.
5) Maintaining the genetic diversity informed and domesticated animals.
6) Increased investment including enhanced international cooperation in rural infrastructure agricultural research and extension into practice and reducing food price anomalies.
The concept of malnutrition includes both undernutrition and overnutrition. The visible characteristics of undernutrition in the world are mainly seen in children being underweight - 667 million children are undernutrition at the age of 5; 159 million are too short for their age meaning stunted and 41 million are overweight or obese. The coexistence of undernutrition and over-nutrition is known as the double burden of malnutrition.
Poverty is at the core of all hunger problems addressing SDG-1 and will stand in the way of SDG-2 as well. As many other SDGs targets the problem of hunger, a world of hunger will likely become the near future due to climate change, population growth, rapid urbanization, increasing cost of living, and increasing inequity in the world.
However, something you can do right here is to help those suffering from hunger by helping food banks, volunteering at community food gardens, or checking in on your family, friends, and neighbors especially those who may be more vulnerable than the rest. These smaller actions can help relieve the stress of hunger in your local community.