SDG : 3: Good Health and Well-being
Good Health and Well-being
Health is the primary thing after which everything else follows. Health was earlier said to be the ability of the body to function well. However, as time evolved, the definition of health also evolved. When you maintain good health everything else follows. Therefore the health and well-being of people of all ages lie at the heart of sustainable development.
Sustainable Development Goal 3 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. The associated targets aim to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio; end preventable deaths of newborns and children; end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and other communicable diseases; reduce mortality from non-communicable diseases; strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse; halve the number of deaths and injuries from the road traffic accidents; ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services; achieve universal health coverage; reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemical and pollution.
Maintaining good health is dependent on a lot of factors. It ranges from the air you breathe to the type of people you choose to spend your time with. Health has a lot of components that carry equal importance. If a country is healthy, half of the problems get solved on its own. If even one of the components is missing, a person cannot be completely healthy.
First of all, we will talk about our physical health, this means being fit physically and in the absence of any kind of disease or illness. When you have good physical health, you will have a longer life span. One may maintain their physical health by maintaining a balanced diet, eating good and nutritious food, is important in keeping the body fit. Never miss any kind of nutrition, your food should be a whole of different nutrients.
Secondly, it's really important to exercise daily. It can be for just ten minutes only but don’t skip exercising. Exercising will help you in maintaining physical fitness. Moreover, do not consume a lot of junk food all the time. Do not smoke or drink alcohol, as both of them have serious health hazards. And at last, it's really important to sleep for a good 7-8 hours every night.
Next, we are going to talk about mental health. Mental health refers to the psychological and emotional well-being of a person. The mental health of a person impacts their feelings and the way of handling situations.
We must maintain our mental health by being positive and meditating.
Why is social and mental health important?
Not only do mental illness and physical illness affect the well-being of an individual but it burdens family and public resources, weakens societies, and squanders the potential of an individual. Protection from disease is not only fundamental to survival, but it enables an opportunity for everyone and strengthens economic growth and prosperity.
Why was SDG3 brought into existence?
1) More than 1.6 billion people live in fragile settings where protracted crises, combined with the weak national capacity to deliver basic health services, present a significant challenge to global health.
2) Every 2 seconds someone aged 30 to 70 years dies prematurely from noncommunicable diseases- cardiovascular disease, chronic diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, or cancer.
3) More than one in every three women has faced either physical or mental or sexual violence at some point in their life resulting in both short term and long term consequences for their physical, mental, and sexual and reproductive health
4) Increasing AIDS cases was already an alarming situation in not only India but for the entire world, the change was needed.
5) Poor investment in health infrastructure and human resources, Poor accessibility and accountability of health services especially for poor, weak regulatory systems for drugs and medical practice.
There are an endless number of reasons why SDG was much needed in this world, this is a huge step taken and with SDG measures we shall surely achieve success in the health sector
India’s progress across SDG’s.
India is home to one-sixth of all humanity, holds the key to the success of the 2030 Agenda. India’s commitment to the SDGs is reflected in its convergence with the national development agenda as reflected in the motto of Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas.
1) Swachh Bharat - Swasth Bharat: Through a nationwide initiative triggered by the Clean India Campaign and the National Nutrition Mission, India achieved rural sanitation and a sharp reduction in stunting and child and maternal mortality rates. India is at the forefront in the call for joint global action to address the Covid-19 pandemic.
2) Ayushman Bharat: Ayushman Bharat is National Health Protection Scheme, which will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
3) National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO)- NACO aims at halting and reversing the HIV epidemic in India. India's HIV epidemic is considered to be concentrated in nature.
Objectives for achieving SDG 3.
1) By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other communicable diseases.
2) Reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
3) Reduce by one third, premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well being.