Women Laws In India
Violence against women and girls in India is extensive. Regardless of some progressive legislative measures taken by the government in the previous years, brought about due to pressure from Women Rights NGOs, media coverages, public campaigns, women in India still continues to experience discrimination, violence, in there day to day lives. India has always been in the headlines for domestic violence, female foeticide.
Gender based violence takes place in both sectors, whether it's in the public spheres, where women have never been a priority to the multinational companies, or in the private spheres, where a woman doesn't even have the right to be born. Women discrimination starts from the roots of the society, women have never given the choice to educate themselves, and do better for their future.
Even though the time is changing now, women still face discrimination in thier life at least once. These discriminations of women are often under-reported as a result of systemic and social barriers to address it remain ineffective.
Domestic violence of Women
Domestic violence in India has always been an issue, women often face challenges in their own households, it is so bizarre that an Indian woman is not safe in their own homes, let alone in public.Everyone has heard of someone amongst their families, friends, colleagues or acquaintances who has suffered from domestic violence, it can be in any forms, such as physical violence, verbal, economic or sexual abuse.
During COVID 19, domestic violence reports have increased , while the government has made many rules for the betterment of women, still domestic violence takes place in many households, out of which thousands of violence reports do not get reported due to social pressure, or the fear of their spouse. Hereby are some laws listed, that are issued by the government of India for the safety of Women.
● Laws on domestic Violence
The Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act 2005 prohibits a wide range of abuse against women, it can be physical, emotional,economical or sexual, all of these violence are extensively defined under the Act. A woman has every right to be free from any kind of violence.
A woman has the right to get an order of protection against her husband or her husband’s relatives, to continue living under the same roof, i.e she cannot be thrown out of her matrimonial home, even if she reports against her spouse.
Under the Domestic violence Act 2005 and also under Section 125 of the Indian Penal Code, a woman doesn't have to necessarily file for a divorce to have a right to receive maintenance from her husband.
There are several laws protecting women from any kind of domestic abuse from her husband, or husband’s relatives. Harassment for dowry by the husband or his relatives is considered as a crime under Section 498A of the Indian
A Rape in India every 15 minutes!
In India , a rape is reported every 15 minutes, according to recently released official government crime data. Woman has always suffered in various aspects of life, whether it is domestic violence, sexual assaults, discrimination, female foeticide, dowry system or rape, this list can go on and on.
Sexual assault on women in India is a common phenomenon. Rape is the most violent crime which is committed against women. Rape outrages a women’s modesty, after which a women lives a distressing life, which includes fear, depression, suicidal thoughts, anxiety and social stigma. Every day the newspaper reports are filled with rape incidents, in majority the accused is known to the victim. Here are some laws against rapes in India.
Laws Against rape in India.
Section 375 of the IPC made punishable the act of sex by a man with a woman if it was done against consent. Also sex with or without her consent when she is under 18 is considered rape.
The Criminal law Amendment Act 2013, which came into effect on April2, 2013, increased jail terms in most sexual assualt cases and also provided Death Penalty in rape cases that cause death of the victim.
Criminal law Amendment Act, 2018 which put death penalty as a possible punishment for raoe of a girl under 12 years; minimum punishment is 20 years in jail.
Another section was inserted in the IPC to specifically deal with rape on a girl below 16 years. This provision made the offence punishable with minimum imprisonment of 20 years
which may extend to a life term imprisonment.
Gender discrimination in the Indian Society.
Gender discrimination still exist in the Indian society and keeps on affecting the lives of women. Women face discrimination in every aspect of life, they are confined to the bounds of their household chores, raising children, looking after their families. In India gender wise literacy rates showcase a wide gap between men and women. Even though the government has taken many steps to spread awareness in the society, such as Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojna, we as a society are still lacking in providing the necessities to the women of our society.
As Female Foeticide is considered as a crime, still these practises take place in closed doors. We as a responsible citizen have to take the mandatory measures to ensure a better environment for women. The world is changing, women are leading the world. Women empowerment plays a huge role in development and is one of the significant contributions of development.